Shrink new installation to a minimal image

I want to clone a new distro installation into an image file for backup purpose.

The goal is to have a image file to be eventually burned into a SSD to have a ready to run copy.

Assuming it would work, one would do a dd if=/dev/sda of=/dev/sdb , where sda is the bare SSD taken off the working machine and sdb an identical SSD both connected via usb-sata adapter to a second linux machine.
The problem is SSD are 250GB ones and this could be a time wasting as well as space-wasting , as used space of fresh distro is about 6.5GB :

[[email protected] ~]# df -h
Filesystem                  Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
devtmpfs                    3.7G     0  3.7G   0% /dev
tmpfs                       3.7G     0  3.7G   0% /dev/shm
tmpfs                       3.7G  8.9M  3.7G   1% /run
tmpfs                       3.7G     0  3.7G   0% /sys/fs/cgroup
/dev/mapper/SangomaVG-root  212G  6.5G  206G   4% /
/dev/sda2                   1.9G   50M  1.8G   3% /boot
/dev/sda1                   200M   12M  189M   6% /boot/efi
tmpfs                       741M     0  741M   0% /run/user/0

I could also do dd if=/dev/sda of=bkupimage.img but it would result into a 250GB file !

Is there a way to shrink the original partitions (mostly the giant 200+GB lvm one) into a 10-15GB image file discarding the unused space ?

Of course if possible.